Week 2: Keeping the Norms and Norm Keepers

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Week 2: Keeping the Norms and Norm Keepers

Keeping the norms was the focus of week two. In Grade One, this focus addresses Common Core State Standards 1a - Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g. listening to others with care, speaking one at a time about the topic and texts under discussion.) So far we have listed the following as our norms for whole group conversations: Look at the speaker. Listen to the speaker. Wait for your turn to talk. No side conversations.  As part of our morning routine, we review our goal for coming to school. Then, we do a Shared Reading of the norms we have written during Interactive Writing.  One of my mottos is “work smarter not harder.”  As you may notice, I integrate the management of academic conversations within the elements of a balanced literacy framework.  We go from listening, to speaking, to writing and then to reading targeting most of the standards simultaneously. 

In keeping with the motto “work smarter not harder”, I pick two students of the day who serve as the norm keepers.  As we have our discussions, the norm keepers observe for students who are doing a good job keeping the norms.  Periodically as we are discussing a story, I will have the norm keepers give a compliment to a student who they noticed was following the norms and helping our class succeed.  This helps hold all students accountable. By emphasizing the desired behaviors, students begin to internalize the norms and become habits.  The goal is to get “my voice” inside their heads so they can self regulate. To reiterate Vygotsky’s theory, “What is spoken to the child is later said by the child to the self, and later is abbreviated and transformed into the silent speech of the child’s thought.” (Rousing Minds to Life Tharpe & Gallimore) Therefore, I try to be very conscientious and strategic of what I say especially when establishing routines and procedures. 


Jeannette Alday's picture

The Common Core Standard for fifth grade is "Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions and carry out assigned roles." It's similar to first grade standard, but I'm struggling with the "assigned roles" part.  We are still working on what attentive listening is and how to build on someone else's comments. For example, Marcos will say, "I agree with Ava when she said the Pinches (in the story The Arabooles on Liberty Street) are selfish and I'd like to add that they don't listen to anybody but themselves."  We're still working on the flow of more natural conversations. However, how do we scaffold our EL learners? I'm wondering what they hear or what they understand from that complex string of words? How do we scaffold and lift conversation? Perhaps restate what what the speaker said?

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How you can listen attentionaly, when speaker not interesting? I want to say, if speaker bad, how you concentrate? I found only one article on this topic here - hireessaywriter.org

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