Primary tabs

  • Language is a cultural tool

    "Language is a cultural tool we use it to share experience and so to collectively, jointly, make sense of it...Language is therefore not just a means by which individuals can formulate ideas and communicate them, it is also a means for people to think and learn together."
    Neil Mercer, 1995

  • Are the students paired appropriately?

    Do I need to make changes? Can students adjust if a partner is missing?

  • Can my students face each other

    and speak to each other comfortably in this setting?

  • Are students meeting expectations

    for the T&T routines? If not, what needs to be re-taught, and to whom? Do we need more practice? Can some students model for others? Who needs more help? What specifically is challenging?

  • Were students able to use/respond to the prompt?

    Did the prompt extend the conversation? What did I learn about the students' understanding of the content from the Turn and Talk? What did I learn about their language? Did students use the academic language of the lesson? Why or why not? What can I do next time to make the Turn and Talk more effective for student learning?

  • Next steps are determined

    by what we are hearing and seeing as we listen in on student talk.  Once routines have become automatic, our next steps turn to the strategic planning: What scaffolds students need? What prompts and or questions will I use to promote a conversation between students?  How will I help foster student independence? What academic language, vocabulary and structures do I need to teach? What questions and prompt will provide opportunities for students to use the language? How will I provide opportunities for students to continue to practice the language and for peers to interact using the language?  How will I provide opportunities for students to initiate language use and generalize to other contexts?